食品科学 ›› 0, Vol. ›› Issue (): 0-0.

• 专题论述 •    下一篇

人造肉分类与命名分析及规范建议

王守伟,李石磊,李莹莹,李素,张顺亮   

  1. 中国肉类食品综合研究中心
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-31 修回日期:2020-04-14 出版日期:2020-06-15 发布日期:2020-06-22
  • 通讯作者: 王守伟 E-mail:cmrcwsw@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    北京二商集团科技基金;中国工程院咨询研究项目

Classification and Nomenclature Analysis of Artificial Meat and Specification Suggestions

Shi-Lei LiYing-Ying LI 2,   

  • Received:2020-03-31 Revised:2020-04-14 Online:2020-06-15 Published:2020-06-22

摘要: 过去几十年,伴随着全球人口的急剧膨胀和中等收入人群的空前扩大,人类对肉品的需求呈现出前所未有的快速增长趋势,单纯依靠传统养殖业满足人类快速增长的肉品消费的生产方式正经受着日益严峻的挑战。人造肉是目前看来最有可能解决人类肉品生产和消费困境的方案。目前,人造肉共包含两大类:一类是基于植物蛋白的人造肉,该类产品因可以最大限度的模拟真实肉品的外观和口感,所以又被称作素肉、植物肉、模拟肉等;另一类是基于生物组织培养的人造肉,该类产品因可以绕开动物饲喂而为人类提供真实动物蛋白,又被称作培养肉、培育肉、体外肉或清洁肉等。 然而,由于人造肉产业刚刚兴起,我国相关的术语、标准、法规等尚处于有待制定的阶段,造成目前人造肉相关术语命名的混乱。本综述中,作者结合人造肉的生产技术、生产过程、社会接受度、国内的命名、国际上的命名等相关资料,对人造肉的相关描述术语在汉语中的命名提出规范意见。

关键词: 人造肉, 分类, 命名, 培育肉, 素肉

Abstract: In the past few decades, with the rapid expansion of the global population and the unprecedented expansion of the middle-income population, the demand of human beings for meat products has shown an unprecedented rapid growth trend. Relying on the traditional breeding industry to meet the rapid growth of human consumption of meat products is facing increasingly severe challenges. Artificial meat is the most likely solution to the dilemma of human meat production and consumption. At present, artificial meat consists of two categories: one is artificial meat based on plant protein, which can simulate the appearance and taste of real meat products to the maximum extent, all of which are also known as plain meat, plant meat, simulated meat, etc.; the other is artificial meat based on biological tissue culture, which provides real animal protein for human beings because it can bypass animal feeding, also known as For cultivating meat, cultivating meat, in vitro meat or cleaning meat, etc. However, due to the rise of artificial meat industry, China's relevant terms, standards, laws and regulations are still in the stage to be formulated, resulting in the confusion of nomenclature related to artificial meat. In this review, the author combines the production technology, production process, social acceptance, Chinese tradition and Chinese interpretation of artificial meat, and puts forward the standard opinions on the naming of terms related to artificial meat in Chinese.

Key words: artificial meat, classification, nomenclature, cultured meat, plant-based meat

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