Reference Standards

  • GB/T 7714—2015

    1.     References in text should be numbered with Arabic numerals by appearing sequence. References in reference list should be sequenced in correspondent with those in the text. Each number should be enclosed in a square bracket “[ ]”.


    In text: Singh etc. regarded…

    In reference list:

    [1]SINGH A K, MUKHOPADHYAY M. Overview of fungal lipase: a review[J]. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 2012, 166(2): 486-520. DOI:10.1007/s12010-011-9444-3.


    2.     Family name should come before given name. For foreign authors, each letter of family name is in upper case. Given name is abbreviated to initials with no dot “.” behind. For Chinese authors, each Chinese phonetic alphabet of family name is in upper case. Only the first alphabet of given name should be capitalized. Abbreviation to the first alphabet of Chinese Characters is also acceptable. When there are no more than three authors, the names of all authors should be listed. For a reference with more than three authors, only the first three needs to be listed and the rest can be abbreviated with “et al”.

    Example:  Einstein A (Full nameAlbert Einstein)


    In text, Chinese phonetic alphabets of author name should be recorded according to GB/T 161591996. Chinese name cannot be abbreviated.

    Example:  ZHENG Guangmei et al [1] have found that…


    3.     Internet references should record the Uniform Resource Locator (URL) and Digital Object Identifier (DOI) if available. Reference types should also be described after titles.


    4.     Literature Types: Monograph M, Corpus C, Newspaper H, Journal J, Dissertation D, Report R, Standard S, Patent P, Database DB, Computer Program CP, Electronic Bulletin EB.


    5.     1) You should cite references that have been read by yourself instead of secondary literatures. 2) Journals should be recorded in full names with first characters in upper case. 3) Authors are suggested to cite articles from journals of high influence. 4) Inadequate references have an adverse effect on the quality of the paper and therefore you should cite enough references as possible.


    [1]YI Fei, GUO Zhongxi, ZHANG Lixia, et al. Soluble eggshell membrane protein: preparation, characterization and biocompatibility[J]. Biomaterials, 2004, 25(19): 4591-4599.

    [2] DEVERELL W, IGLER D. A companion to California history[M/OL]. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2013:21-22 (2013-11-15) [2014-06-24]. http://onlinelibrary. wiley. com/doi/10.1002/978144305036.ch2/summary.

    [3] YUFIN S A. Geoecology and computer[C]// Proceedings of  the Third International Conference on Advance of Computer Methods in Geoetechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Moscow, Russia, February 1-4, 2000. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema, 2000.

    [4]CALMSR B. Infrared spectroscopic studies on solid oxygen[D]. Berkeley: University o f California, 1965: 5-10.

    [5]MARUTA K, MIYAZAKI H. Poultry eggshell strengthening composition: WO/1998/014560[P]. 1998-09-04.

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