FOOD SCIENCE ›› 2021, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (10): 255-261.doi: 10.7506/spkx1002-6630-20200428-361

• Component Analysis • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Chemical Characterization of the Aroma of Tieguanyin Oolong Tea and Black Tea

GUO Li, DU Zhenghua, YAO Lihong, CHEN Xiaobing, ZHANG Yi, LIN Zhi, GUO Yaling, CHEN Mingjie   

  1. (1. College of Horticulture, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China;2. Tea Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310008, China)
  • Online:2021-05-25 Published:2021-06-02

Abstract: In this study, the aroma quality of oolong tea, black tea and green tea manufactured from the fresh leaves of Camellia sinensis cv. Tieguanyin was determined by sensory evaluation, and their volatile compounds were determined by solvent-assisted flavor evaporation combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry/flame ionization detector. We found that all the Tieguanyin tea samples scored 90 points for aroma with a flowery note. In total, 52 volatile components were detected in the tea samples, with linalool and fatty acid esters being the major ones. The characteristic aroma components of Tieguanyin tea included oxidized linaool II, oxidized linaool IV, linalool, trans-nerolidol, hexanoic acid 3-hexenyl ester, hexanoic acid 2-hexenyl ester, benzoate 3-hexen-1-ol, benzoic acid hexyl ester and neophytadiene. Black tea processing could promote the formation of linalool and its oxides, butanoic acid 3-methyl-, 2-hexenyl ester, hexanoic acid 3-hexenyl ester, hexanoic acid 2-hexenyl ester, neophytadiene, dihydroactinidiolide, beta-ionone, methyl salicylate. Oolong tea processing was conducive to the formation of hotrienol, 2,6-dimethyl-3,7-octadiene-2,6-diol, trans-nerolidol, octanoic acid 3-hexenyl ester, and benzoic acid hexyl ester. In conclusion, the aroma characteristics of Tieguanyin tea were closely related to its species-specific components and the manufacturing technology used; which will provide an important technical reference for the development of new Tieguanyin tea.

Key words: Tieguanyin tea; black tea; oolong tea; manufacturing technology; aroma; solvent-assisted flavor evaporation; gas chromatography-mass spectrometry/flame ionization detector

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