FOOD SCIENCE ›› 2023, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (24): 164-170.doi: 10.7506/spkx1002-6630-20230308-074

• Bioengineering • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Inhibitory Effect and Mechanism of Lactiplantibacillus plantarum HB13-2 on Candida albicans

NING Yawei, SUN Ying, ZHANG Dongchun, ZHANG Yajuan, SI Haishan, KANG Yapeng, WANG Zhixin, WANG Shijie   

  1. (College of Food Science and Biology, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Shijiazhuang 050018, China)
  • Online:2023-12-25 Published:2024-01-02

Abstract: This study explored the inhibitory effect and mechanism of the culture supernatant of Lactiplantibacillus plantarum HB13-2 on Candida albicans. The minimum inhibitory concentration was determined by the double dilution method. Then, the fluorescent dye calcofluor white (CFW) was used to stain the cell wall and observe it. The results showed that the supernatant enhanced the fluorescence intensity and damaged the cell wall. Flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy showed that the supernatant changed the membrane permeability of C. albicans. The transmembrane potential was detected using the fluorescent probe DiSC3(5), and it was found that the fluorescence intensity was enhanced, indicating that the supernatant caused dissipation of the transmembrane potential. Through microstructural observation by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), it was found that the supernatant of Lactobacillus plantarum HB13-2 caused cellular deformation and leakage of intracellular contents. As detected by fluorescence staining with 2’,7’-dichlorodihydrofluorescin diacetate (DCFH-DA) and Rhodamine-123, the supernatant resulted in accumulation of a large amount of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and increased mitochondrial membrane potential. In conclusion, the supernatant of L. plantarum HB13-2 can deform cells by destroying the cell wall and membrane and lead to mitochondrial damage, thereby inhibiting C. albicans. This study will provide a scientific basis for the development of L. plantarum HB13-2 as an oral probiotic.

Key words: Candida albicans; Lactiplantibacillus plantarum; antifungal mechanism

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