FOOD SCIENCE ›› 2022, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (16): 279-284.doi: 10.7506/spkx1002-6630-20211108-093

• Component Analysis • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Dynamic Changes of Volatile Compounds of Beef during the Dry-aging Process

LIU Meng, ZHANG Shunliang, ZANG Mingwu, ZHAO Bing, HUANG Huijia, ZHU Ning, LI Su, WU Qianrong, LIU Bowen, ZHAO Yan, QIAO Xiaoling, WANG Shouwei   

  1. (China Meat Research Centre, Beijing 100068, China)
  • Online:2022-08-25 Published:2022-08-31

Abstract: The dynamic changes of volatile compounds in beef high rib during the dry-aging process were investigated by using electronic nose (E-nose) and gas chromatography-olfactometry-mass spectrometry (GC-O-MS). Samples with different aging periods could be clearly distinguished by E-nose. As the aging proceeded, the content of volatile compounds increased significantly. At the 28th day, the content of volatile compounds was 3.21 times as high as that of unaged beef. Cluster analysis was used to investigate the similarity of changes in volatile compounds, suggesting that the aging process could be separated into three stages. The first stage was from days 0 to 7; the second stage was from days 7 to 21; the third stage was from days 21 to 28. The analysis of relative odor activity value (ROAV) and aroma characteristics demonstrated that during the whole aging process, the key aroma compounds were isopentanol and ethyl hexanoate, with wine-like, malty and fruity flavors. Meanwhile, the key volatile compounds of beef samples varied from period to period. At the 28th day, decanal and dodecanal were identified as key aroma compounds, resulting in a change in the overall flavor of beef from fruity to fatty.

Key words: dry-aging; beef; volatile compounds; flavor; processing

CLC Number: