FOOD SCIENCE ›› 2021, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (5): 305-313.doi: 10.7506/spkx1002-6630-20200228-326

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Interactions between Plant Polyphenols and Intestinal Microbiota and Their Effects on Metabolic Diseases

ZHAO Mei, CHANG Ling, SONG Zehe, HE Xi   

  1. (Engineering Research Center of Feed Safety and Efficient Utilization of China Ministry of Education, Hunan Engineering Research Center of Poultry Production Safety, Hunan Co-innovation Center of Animal Production Safety, College of Animal Science and Technology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China)
  • Online:2021-03-15 Published:2021-03-29

Abstract: The intestinal microbiota is involved in the development of metabolic syndromes including insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, central obesity and hypertension, which can progress into metabolic diseases. Plant polyphenols can promote the growth of beneficial intestinal bacteria and indirectly reduce the number of pathogenic bacteria. Moreover, the intestinal microbiota can metabolize high-molecular-mass plant polyphenols into metabolites with stronger bioactivity, improving their bioavailability. The interaction between plant polyphenols and the intestinal microbiota and their effects on metabolic diseases are reviewed in this paper, which will provide a reference for the utilization of plant polyphenols.

Key words: plant polyphenols; intestinal microbiota; metabolic diseases; metabolic syndromes; obesity

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