FOOD SCIENCE ›› 2017, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (17): 26-31.doi: 10.7506/spkx1002-6630-201717005

• Basic Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Regulatory Effect of Milk-Derived Casein Glycomacropeptide on Key Enzymes Involved in NF-κB Signaling Pathway

WANG Yong, GONG Jianmiao, JIA Yan, ZHAO Pei, PANG Guangchang, YAN Yali*, CHEN Qingsen*   

  1. Tianjin Key Laboratory of Food Biotechnology, College of Biotechnology and Food Science,Tianjin University of Commerce, Tianjin 300134, China
  • Online:2017-09-15 Published:2017-09-12

Abstract: This study was undertaken to determine the effect of casein glycomacropeptide (CGMP) on the p65 subunit of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) of HT-29 human colon cancer cells challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Furthermore, Western blotting technology was used to detect and compared the expression levels of the key proteins involved in the NF-κB signaling pathway such as IκBα, p-IκBα, E3RSIκB and UBC5 in the control group, milk-derived CGMP group and LPS group to uncover the molecular mechanism of CGMP in regulating the NF-κB signaling pathway. The results showed that all three doses of CGMP (0.001, 0.010 and 0.100 μg/mL) could suppress the degradation of IκBα in some degree, which is involved in the NF-κB signaling pathway of HT-29 cells challenged with LPS and this effect was more significant at the dose of 0.100 μg/mL, which was significantly different when compared with the control group (P < 0.01). Therefore, it was confirmed that CGMP could suppress the degradation of IκBα by repressing the expression of p-IκBα, E3RSIκB and UBC5, thereby inhibiting the activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway. As a result, CGMP can significantly reduce the degradation of IκBα in the NF-κB signal pathway, increase the amount of protein trimer-IκBα-p65-p50 and decrease nuclear translocation of p65 and downstream gene expression by inhibiting the phosphorylation and ubiquitination of IκBα and reducing the expression of p-IκBα and key ubiquitin proteins (E3RSIκB and UBC5). This study illustrates that milk-derived CGMP plays an anti-inflammatory role by regulating the NF-κB signal pathway.

Key words: casein glycomacropeptide, colon cancer cells (HT-29), nuclear factor-κB, IκBα, ubiquitin-protein ligase subunit

CLC Number: