• 包装贮运 •

不同杀菌温度及贮藏条件对卤蛋菌落总数和脂肪酸组分的影响

1. （北京食品科学研究院，北京 100068）
• 发布日期:2022-07-27
• 基金资助:
“十三五”国家重点研发计划重点专项（2018YFD0400305）

Effects of Different Sterilization Temperatures and Storage Conditions on Total Bacterial Count and Fatty Acid Composition of Marinated Eggs

YUAN Nuo, ZHANG Qing, ZHANG Xiaofei, PENG Yijiao, GUO Hong, ZHAO Jinhong

1. (Beijing Academy of Food Sciences, Beijing 100068, China)
• Published:2022-07-27

Abstract: In order to study the changes in the total bacterial count and fatty acid composition of marinated eggs as a function of sterilization temperature and storage temperature, vacuum-packed marinated eggs were sterilized at 95, 105 or 121 ℃, and stored at 4 or 25 ℃ (those sterilized at 121 ℃ were stored exclusively at 25 ℃). The results showed that sterilization at each temperature could effectively kill bacteria, and the total bacterial count in each group was less than 10 CFU/g. The contents of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in the samples sterilized at 105 and 121 ℃ decreased by 1.56% and 6.83%, respectively, compared with that sterilized at 95 ℃. Different changes in fatty acid composition as a function of storage time were found among groups, depending on such factors as sterilization temperature, storage temperature, microbial species, microbial proliferation and oxidative hydrolysis reaction. The samples sterilized at 95 ℃ could be stored at 25 ℃ for only 15 days and had the fastest rate of deterioration of fatty acids. The samples sterilized at 105 ℃ could be stored at 25 ℃ for 75 days, and had a slow rate of deterioration of fatty acids. The samples sterilized at 95 ℃ could be stored at 4 ℃ for 90 days, but the rate of deterioration of fatty acids was faster. Microbial proliferation was not detected in the samples subjected to sterilization at 121 ℃ after 90 days of storage at 25 ℃. During storage, fatty acids were retained well, but the initial level of polyunsaturated fatty acids was low. Microbial proliferation was not detected in the samples sterilized at 105 ℃ after 90 days of storage at 4 ℃, either, and the retention rate of fatty acids was the highest during storage. Accordingly, sterilization at 105 ℃ and stored at 4 ℃ can be used for the production of marinated eggs with high nutrient level and long shelf life.