FOOD SCIENCE ›› 2019, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (21): 251-259.doi: 10.7506/spkx1002-6630-20181004-004

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Bioactivity and Mechanism of Action of Natural Non-Protein Amino Acids: A Review of Recent Literature

XU Kai, BI Jingjing, ZHANG Jihao   

  1. (1. State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for Cell Differentiation Regulation, College of Life Sciences, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453007, China; 2. Henan Key Laboratory of Organic Functional Molecule and Drug Innovation, Collaborative Innovation Centre of Henan Province for Green Manufacturing of Fine Chemicals, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453007, China)
  • Online:2019-11-15 Published:2019-12-02

Abstract: As an important category of natural bioactive substances in foods and medicine, non-protein amino acids are characterized by abundant sources, varietal diversity and complex mechanism of action. Based on an extensive review of the literature, this article summarizes some non-protein amino acids that have a great impact on humans and have been investigated intensively so far. It reviews the biological sources, bioactivities and mechanisms of action of these amino acids. The aim is to present the application potential of such natural compounds in several fields such as agriculture, environmental science, food science, medicine and life science.

Key words: non-protein amino acids, natural product, biological activity

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