FOOD SCIENCE ›› 2021, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (5): 115-121.doi: 10.7506/spkx1002-6630-20191230-357

• Nutrition & Hygiene • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Anti-aging Effects of SIRT3-Inducing Polyphenols on UVB-Irradiated HaCaT Cells

CHEN Hui, YOSHINORI Katakura, HU Hongbo, YIN Shutao, ZHAO Chong   

  1. (1. College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China; 2. Department of Bioscience and?Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 8128581, Japan)
  • Online:2021-03-15 Published:2021-03-29

Abstract: Silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 3 (SIRT3) is a deacetylase located in the mitochondrial matrix, which plays an important role in mitochondrial energy metabolism, oxidative stress regulation and delaying aging. In this experiment, the SIRT3-EGFP gene report system was constructed and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to screen SIRT3 activators from eight polyphenols including resveratrol, kaempferol, punicalin, punicalagin, fisetin, cafestol, cyanidin 3-glucoside chloride, and delphinidin 3-glucoside chloraid. Moreover, the anti-aging effects of the SIRT3-inducing polyphenols were evaluated in ultraviolet radiation B (UVB)-irradiated HaCaT cells. Our results showed that resveratrol, kaempferol, punicalagin, fisetin and cafestol significantly enhanced the expression of SIRT3 (P < 0.05). Resveratrol, punicalagin, fisetin and cafestol effectively reduced UVB-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species levels. Furthermore, these five polyphenols all significantly increased the reduced glutathione (GSH)/oxidized glutathione (GSSG) ratio (P < 0.05), while resveratrol and cafestol, but not the remaining compounds significantly enhanced the superoxide dismutase 2 activity (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). In addition, punicalagin not only activated SIRT3 expression and repaired the cell antioxidant system, but also significantly decreased the activity of SA-β-gal (P < 0.05), a marker of cell senescence. In conclusion, resveratrol, kaempferol, punicalagin, fisetin and cafestol could augment SIRT3 expression. More interestingly, punicalagin significantly repaired UVB-induced cell senescence in HaCaT cells, and the underlying mechanism may be related to the antioxidant pathway of SIRT3-NADPH-GSH/GSSG.

Key words: silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 3, polyphenol, anti-aging, oxidative stress

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