FOOD SCIENCE ›› 2018, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 141-147.doi: 10.7506/spkx1002-6630-201805022

• Food Engineering • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of Different Drying Methods on the Quality of Tricholoma matsutake

SHI Fang1, LI Yao1, YANG Yaxuan1, TANG Yu1, WU Surui2, MING Jian1,*   

  1. 1. College of Food Science, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China; 2. Kunming Edible Fungi Institute, All China Federation of Supply and Marketing Cooperatives, Kunming 650223, China
  • Online:2018-03-15 Published:2018-03-14

Abstract: Tricholoma matsutake was subjected to hot air drying (HAD), vacuum-freeze drying (VFD) and microwave vacuum drying (MVD), respectively. Quality attributes of the dried samples including nutrients, amino acids, and volatile flavor components were compared in order to provide a theoretical basis for choosing the optimal drying process for T. matsutake. The results showed that browning was caused by thermal processing, but VFD maintained the color of Tricholoma matsutake. The contents of protein, fat and total sugar were increased after drying. The VFD sample had the highest contents of protein (247.74 mg/g) and total sugar (207.19 mg/g) and lowest fat content (30.63 mg/g). The MVD sample presented the highest fat content (39.33 mg/g) and lowest total sugar content (166.99 mg/g). The HAD sample contained the lowest protein content (226.01 mg/g). The HAD and VFD samples, respectively, had the highest and lowest total phenols contents (7.42 and 3.89 mg GAE/g). The total amount of amino acids in dried samples was in the decreasing order of VFD > MVD > fresh > HAD, and the first limiting amino acids in T. matsutake were methionine and cysteine. A total of 21, 36, 31 and 31 volatile flavor components were detected in fresh, HAD, VFD and MVD samples, respectively. Some new alcohols, aldehydes, esters and hydrocarbons were generated in the HAD sample, which contributed to the rich flavor and aroma of T. matsutake. MVD could better protect the major volatile flavor components of fresh T. matsutake. In conclusion, MVD is a relatively ideal drying method for T. matsutake.

Key words: Tricholoma matsutake, drying methods, nutrition, amino acid, volatile components

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